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Cynodon Dactylon

Cynodon Dactylon
Cynodon Dactylon
Product Code : grs0010
Product Description

Cynodon dactylon

Cynodon dactylon (syn. Panicum dactylon, Capriola dactylon), also known as Dub Grass, Bermuda Grass, Dubo, Dog's Tooth Grass, Bahama Grass, Devil's Grass, Couch Grass, Indian Doab, Arugampul, Grama, and Scutch Grass, is a grass native to north and east Africa, Asia and Australia and southern Europe. Although it is not native to Bermuda, it is an abundant invasive species there. It is presumed to have arrived in North America from Bermuda, resulting in its common name.

The blades are a grey-green colour and are short, usually 2-15 centimetres - long with rough edges. The erect stems can grow 1-30 centimetres tall. The stems are slightly flattened, often tinged purple in colour. The seed heads are produced in a cluster of 2-6 spikes together at the top of the stem, each spike 2-5 cm long. It has a deep root system; in drought situations with penetrable soil, the root system can grow to over 2 m deep, though most of the root mass is less than 60 cm under the surface. The grass creeps along the ground and root wherever a node touches the ground, forming a dense mat. C. dactylon reproduces through seeds, through runners and rhizomes. Growth begins at temperatures above with optimum growth between 24 to 37°C ; in winter the grass becomes dormant and turns brown. Growth is promoted by full sun and retarded by full shade, e.g., close to tree trunks.

Scientific classification

Kingdom:

Plantae

(unranked):

Angiosperms

(unranked):

Monocots

(unranked):

Commelinids

Order:

Poales

Family:

Poaceae

Genus:

Cynodon

Species:

C. dactylon

Binomial name

Cynodon dactylon

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