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Botanical Name: Araucaria cunninghamii
Synonyms: A.cookii R.Br.ex Lindl. Syn. A.columnaris(Forst.) Hook.
Common Name: Colonial pine and Queensland pine
Seeds collection period: June- July
Seeds longevity: 4 months
Araucaria cunninghamii is a large, unbuttressed, symmetrical tree, 50-70 m high; bole straight, cylindrical, self-pruning, clean to 30 m or more; mature trees 1.2-1.7 m in diameter; trunk internodes variable, 1-4 m; crown pyramidal to flat; branches in whorls of up to 6, more or less horizontal, with 2nd- to 5th-order branchlets; outer bark dark plum, redbrown or grey, rough, peeling off around circumference in stringy papery layers; middle bark reddish-brown; inner bark mottled white.
The wood is a high quality timber that is particularly important to the plywood industry and also used for furniture,veneer, joinery, panelling, particle board, flooring and boats. Most natural stands in Australia and Papua New Guinea have been depleted by logging. It is now mainly found on timber plantations; however, the species continues to thrive in protected areas, including Lamington National Park where at least one walking track is named after it.